UN Agenda 2030
The need for environmentally friendly economic growth dates back to the 1970s, with the realisation that the traditional model of development would in the long term cause the collapse of the Earth’s ecosystem. Current environmental efforts by the international community, including the Paris Climate Agreement, show that the planet’s limits are a reality. Thus, the new development model has based its foundations on respect for the future, both of the planet and future generations.
The concept of sustainable development is complex in nature and subject to many interpretations, but the universally recognised definition dates back to 1987 and is found in the so-called Brundtland Report entitled “Our Common Future”, whose principles of inter- and intra-generational equity attracted the attention of the international community and led to new developments in the concept of sustainability, which extended not only to the environmental dimension but also to the social sphere.
“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Brundtland Report, 1987).
With the adoption in Gothenburg (Sweden) in 2011 of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy, a long-term policy coordination plan for economically, socially and environmentally sustainable development, concrete measures are provided that address all dimensions of development. Economic sustainability is about the ability of an economic system to produce income and employment in a sustainable way; environmental sustainability is about protecting the ecosystem and renewing natural resources; social sustainability is about ensuring that human well-being is equitably distributed; and cultural sustainability is about caring for minorities, traditions, and quality education and training available to all.
The UN 2030 Agenda
The affirmation of the integrated vision of the four dimensions of development (ecological, economic, social and cultural), also embraced by institutional responsibility, came in 2015, the year in which the UN’s long negotiation process on sustainable development came to an end, leading to the birth of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a joint commitment by countries to steer the world towards a sustainable path. An action plan for people, the planet and prosperity. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was signed on 25 September 2015 by 193 United Nations countries, including Italy, to share their commitment to ensuring a better present and future for our Planet and the people who live on it.
The 17 goals for Sustainable Development
SDG’s (Sustainable Development Goals)
The Global Agenda defines 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030, divided into 169 targets, which represent a compass to put Italy and the world on a sustainable path. The process of changing the development model is monitored through Goals, Targets and over 240 indicators: each country is periodically assessed against these parameters by the UN and by national and international public opinion.
The 2030 Agenda brings with it a major innovation: for the first time, a clear judgement is made on the unsustainability of the current development model, not only in environmental terms, but also in economic and social terms, thus definitively overcoming the idea that sustainability is only an environmental issue and affirming an integrated vision of the various dimensions of development.
Agenda 2030 in the Metalliferous Hills Park
The Park is committed to implement with concrete actions the 17 Sustainability Goals of the 2030 Agenda. The 2030 Agenda is based on five key concepts:
People. Eliminating hunger and poverty in all forms, ensure dignity and equality.
Prosperity. Ensuring prosperous and full lives in harmony with nature.
Peace. Promoting peaceful, just and inclusive societies.
Partnership. Implementing the Agenda through strong partnerships.
Planet. Protecting the planet’s natural resources and climate for future generations.
Agenda 2030: Towards a sustainable Tuscany
The Regional Strategy for Sustainable Development aims at defining the objectives and the reference framework of the sectoral and territorial policies that Tuscany will have to adopt in order to contribute to the achievement of the objectives and strategic choices of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development (SNSvS) and pursue the goals adopted in 2015 by the United Nations with the 2030 Agenda “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
The 2030 Agenda is the result of a long process, which starting with the Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015) led to the definition of a new reference framework for development, centred on sustainability as a shared and indispensable value for tackling global challenges, inspired by the principles of universality, integration, transformation and inclusion, balancing its three dimensions: environmental, economic and social.